The Hermitage - Geraldton
The Hermitage was designed by Hawes and built as the Chaplain's residence for the Geraldton St John of God Hospital. It is a small brick and tile residential building with design elements of the Inter-War Old English architectural style and with internal features such as cut out hearts, reflecting the Arts & Crafts Movement influence. It is one of the few domestic buildings in the trail.
Hawes actually paid for the land (£45) but the title was placed in the name of the Bishop of Geraldton. The builder, Stephen Harvey, was a friend of Hawes who had previously borrowed £200 from Hawes in 1930 to build his own house. Harvey appears not to have repaid the debt so Hawes saw Harvey’s labour as being a way of recouping the debt.
Hawes was considering the position of Hospital Chaplain for himself following his retirement, and therefore designed the building to suit his simple needs. This however did not eventuate. Instead, the first occupant was a close friend of Hawes, Fr James Prendergast, who lived there from 1936 to 1943, serving as chaplain for the hospital. Hawes did consequently stay overnight in The Hermitage on many occasions, together with his dog Dominie, as a guest and friend of Fr Prendergast, who also had a fox terrier, Rory, the son of Dominie.
After the death of Fr Prendergast The Hermitage was used by St John of God Hospital as nurses accommodation and later became a St Vincent De Paul meeting and store room.
In July 1990 Bishop Hickey, Bishop of Geraldton, took up residence in The Hermitage until his transfer to the Archdiocese of Perth in August 1991.
From 1990 to 2014, The Hermitage was occupied by tenants and opened occasionally for public inspection.
The Diocese of Geraldton relinquished ownership of The Hermitage on 13 June 1984 as part of a necessary but reluctant land exchange. The State of Western Australia gave the Management Order for the Hermitage to The National Trust of Australia (WA) and restoration works were commenced by the National Trust in 1984 and completed in 1990.
On 2 January 2019, the Management Order for The Hermitage was given to the Diocese of Geraldton.
It is used for meetings, social events and open for tours.
The roof timber beams are all karri and axe-hewn by sleeper hewers at the timber mills in Manjimup in the south of Western Australia.
A feature of The Hermitage, which is typical of Hawes work, is an inscription painted on a purlin on the ceiling of the Mezzanine floor. It is written in Latin and is Psalm 38:14. It reads,
Remite mihi ut refrigerer priusquam abeam et amplius non ero
This translates to, Forgive me that I may be refreshed before I depart and will be no more
The large stone for fire place was salvaged by Hawes from old Geraldton cottages, some of the earliest buildings in Geraldton. The parquet floor was cut from well- seasoned old rafters from the same cottages and the doors were also salvaged from these buildings.
The cottage featured a carving of Hawes's Dog Dominie by the timber craftsman Ewart Johnson but this was destroyed by vandals during the 1970s. The position of the dog's feet can still be seen on top of the newel post. There is also a doggy door in the wet area.
As the house was designed specifically for the hospital chaplain, there is no kitchen as the priest would have taken his meals in the SJOG convent across the road.
Play the Audio Tour
Visiting the building
The Hermitage can be found at 50 Onslow St Geraldton.
Tours are offered as an extension of the SFX Cathedral Tours on
Wednesdays and Sundays (2:30).
Tickets ($15) can be purchased at the Monsignor Hawes Heritage Centre Museum.